In our busy schedule and hectic lifestyle, smoking has now become a norm in today’s gender irrespective of their gender. It is presumed that smoking can dwindle the stress, but the question is how much it can lessen the stress? Definitely, there lies no guarantee but has the warranty of ovulation attack. Smoking is highly responsible for the fluctuation of hormones levels that regulate the menstrual cycle. Recently, light smoking is extending to a vogue among young women that is hazardous to health. Light smoking can increase the risk of health problems that enlists worsen PMS, irregular periods, cervix cancer and so on. According to medical studies, women, who are the chain smoker, encounter worsens PMS than those who don’t. Smoking can heighten the risk of prolonged painful periods. This excruciating cramp escalates the numbers of cigarettes a woman smokes in a day. How smoking becomes injurious to health that not depends on the amounts of cigarettes a woman take, but upon her age which is also particularly important.
The risk of developing severe PMS inclines to increase with those women who began smoking during adolescence and young adulthood. It is proved that smoking affects the whole range of different bodily functions. Studies have noticed that in pre-menopausal women, smokers have elevated levels of estrogen, progesterone, and various androgens. With great surprise, smoking has been suggested to increase testosterone production in women which may lead to higher fat accumulation around the hip and waist. These some hormones are influenced by smoking direly. Estrogen and progesterone are closely linked to each other which start and end the menstrual cycle both.
Researchers from the ‘University of Massachusetts in Amherst’ observed, “Cigarette smoking may plausibly influence the development of PMS through its effect on estrogen, progesterone, androgen, and gonadotropin levels.” Women who smoke encounter shorter and more irregular menstrual cycle. Actually, smoking reduces the amount of oxygen supply to the uterus and constricts the blood vessels, which makes the period pain worse. Nicotine carries with it numerous negative health consequences. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), smoking is responsible for 480,000 deaths every year in the US. Most of the people in America are addicted to nicotine than any other drug. Smoking affects practically every phase of conception. Women smokers have a greater risk of not ovulating and who receive in vitro fertilization is less likely to be successful. Nicotine interferes with the function of the fallopian tube and can hinder an egg from travelling to the uterus that can lead to an ectopic or tubal pregnancy. Researchers from the University Of Pittsburgh School Of Medicine examined that women who quit smoking during the first two weeks of their cycle undergo less severe abolition than those who quit during the latter half of their period. It is really hard for chain smokers to quit smoking suddenly, but a new research shows that if women try to quit smoking during their period, they are more likely to succeed.
By: Binita Maity