We are familiar with the disease of Anemia. It is occurred by low iron levels in the blood which results in low levels of hemoglobin. Basically, the decreased production of red blood cells or hemoglobin, or the destruction of red blood cells cause the Anemia. Anemia is responsible for not having proper healthy blood cells.
Such deficiency in red blood cells prevents the delivery of oxygen throughout the body. Iron deficiency anemia affects the menstrual cycle and bleeding as well as the reproductive system of the women. Actually, the blood disorder causes irregular periods. The menstrual cycle is sensitively linked to a woman’s physical and emotional well-being. Delayed or missed periods often manifest the changes in the body, one of which could be anemia. It’s approximated that one in five menstruating women are anemic. Generally, women with a heavier blood flow during their menstrual cycle are at a greater risk of developing anemia. Heavy periods can be responsible for the depletion of the body’s iron levels which can influence anemia and cause fatigue, mood swings etc.
Lack of iron, vitamin B12, or folic acid in the diet are the most common causes of anemia. One can take iron supplements to revive the iron that has been shrunk by the heavy blood flow. Generally, B vitamins, such as B6 and B12, are effective with one’s heavy flowed periods. Women who feel fatigued or foggy as a result of their period should visit the doctor for testing their anemia and iron levels. Periods with heavy and prolonged bleeding is known medically as Menorrhagia. With this symptom, one can’t maintain the usual activities because of much blood loss and cramping. A balance between two hormones estrogen and progesterone regulates the buildup of the lining of the uterus during a normal menstrual cycle. When a hormone imbalance occurs, naturally the endometrium develops in excess and sheds following the way of heavy menstrual bleeding.
Menorrhagia tends to have an effect on the adolescent girls who are typically under the menstrual cycle (anovulation). Adolescent girls are susceptible to anovulatory cycles in the first year after their onset of this natural cycle (menarche). On the other hand, Menorrhagia has also an effect on older reproductive-age women which is because of uterine pathology, including fibroids, polyps, and adenomyosis.
Excessive or prolonged menstrual bleeding can lead to anemia by reducing the number of red blood cells. The amount of circulating red blood cells is measured by hemoglobin, a protein that enables red blood cells to carry oxygen to tissues. Anemia occurs because body attempts to make up for the lost red blood cells by using your iron stores to make more hemoglobin, which can then carry oxygen on red blood cells. On the other side, menorrhagia decreases the iron levels enough increasing the risk of iron deficiency anemia which is really complicated.
One can face severe pain during this moment because this serious time meets heavy menstrual bleeding along with painful menstrual cramps. Sometimes the cramps with menorrhagia reach so high that it requires medical evaluation. Taking consultancy from a doctor is a good decision. A proper treatment can point out the symptoms and relieve from the causes of the disorder. Anemia is diagnosed through a series of physical exams, medical history, and a blood test.
When the type and cause of anemia have been diagnosed, it can be treated. dietary changes and supplements are usually the solutions. Diet plays an important role in iron deficiency anemia, but the problem is growing to be complicated by heavy menstrual periods. So, the treatments of both anemia and menorrhagia are necessary simultaneously as it affects to each other.