In our busy scheduled and hectic lifestyle, junk food takes an important place. It is, of course, a time-consuming matter, that is why it becomes popular too. Naturally, fast foods are high in calories but low in nutritional value. As these kinds of foods consume excess sugars and fats, it can lead to weight gain which is associated with diabetes.
Subconsciously, unhealthy eating habits become a chic among the working people. Along with attractive advertisements, multinational companies promote such ready-to-eat processed food and fast food with which people are getting addicted to that is prone to high risk of diabetes. Generally, it is believed that diabetes can be easily managed and therefore nothing to worry about. But, such thoughts can be dangerous. If you left it untreated, it can lead you to severe and even fatal consequences.
People commonly believe that diabetes is something that can happen to you in late middle age like 50 to 60 years old. But, influenced by the junk food trendy lifestyle, one can approach diabetes in the 20s or 30s nowadays, which you may call prediabetes. We know the bad effects of diabetes that can damage to the heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, and other organs. But, what is the particular effect of diabetes on the menstrual cycle? Girls should be careful about this fact as it matters.
All women do not have a regular four-week menstruation cycle which can range between 20 to 40 or more days, and in some case, women can face the changes in cycle length regularly. In that particular moment, women with high-level sugar not only get crampy and bloated but also feel drained because of high blood sugars.
In a 2003 study, women with diabetes were shown to have more menstrual problems that involved long cycles, long menstruation, and heavy menstruation. These problems may indicate the increased risk for osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease. It was also shown that women with diabetes got their periods nearly a year later than control subjects. Fluctuations in hormone levels occur through the menstrual cycle and these fluctuations can affect blood sugar. When estrogen levels are naturally high, a body may be resistant to its own insulin or injected insulin.
Many women find their blood sugar tends to be high 3-5 days before, during or after their periods. Unusual menstrual cycles may indicate metabolic changes that increase a woman’s risk for insulin resistance which hinders a woman’s ability to process sugars and can cause diabetes over time. If, one has very long or short menstrual cycles, especially the cycle that is highly irregular, should take immediately extra precautions to prevent this.
Premenstrual symptoms (PMS) can be worsened by poor blood sugar control. When PMS reaches its peak during the period or it is in most severe condition, one should check her blood sugar often and take extra insulin or exercise to bring high blood sugars down. If you notice that your blood sugars are higher (maybe even much higher) than usual, you must feel that your periods last longer and your flow is heavier than normal women who don’t have diabetes. Higher blood sugar levels can increase the risk of developing an infection. In this condition, one should approach a doctor. Besides this what should follow during this time is listed below,—-
1. One of the best ways to check your blood sugars regularly which is considered a key step in identifying patterns and trends. This information must help your doctor to make decisions about your diabetes treatment plan.
2. When one is plagued by swings in blood sugars, can take the help of continuous glucose monitor (CGM) which measures glucose levels in real time throughout the day and night, providing readings at any time. Professional CGM can help you to get a better picture of your blood sugars.
3. You have to bring changes in your regular routine and lifestyle that can control your high blood sugar level. Lifestyle should be listed as physical activity, healthy and helpful diet that can exclude the sweet and sugar, and be able to handle stress and cravings along with enough sleep.
4. Be conscious of other health issues which can appear at the same time, such as heart disease, osteoporosis, urinary incontinence, and changes in sexual function. You have to inquire your doctor about the cholesterol-lowering medications.
5. Ask your doctor about the ways of managing menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes and night sweats. You can ask for the hormone replacement therapy and non-hormonal therapies.Former therapy is the same for every woman with and without diabetes, while the later one has risks and benefits definitely.
By: Binita Maity