Menstruation happens when you’re in your puberty stage. Puberty stage starts when your age is in between 11- 16 years. It starts when hormone changes and your body become more adult. The purpose of the menstrual cycle is to help your body get ready for pregnancy. Getting your period is a healthy part of growing up.so there is no need to take any tension, this is part of nature call.
There are 10 signs of menstruation
1) Cervical fluid
A good sign you’re getting close to the time when your first period will arrive. You will notice a discharge coming out from your vagina. It might be thin and slightly sticky or thick and gooey and can be clear to white or off-white in colour. Usually, this happens about 6 months before you get your first period.
2) Breast Buds
Changes to your nipples/breasts will likely be the first thing you notice. Most people begin to menstruate 2–3 years after their breasts begin to grow. In the beginning, the small bumps on the nipples become raised. The darker area of the nipple may then begin to grow as the breast area starts to puff out, it might feel like there is a little lump on your chest. This can happen on just one side at first and can take up to 6 months for the other side to catch up. These are called breast buds. And the enlargement of the breast starts about one to two years before Period starts for the first time, it can take closer to three years if they grow at an early age (around 8 or 9). The shape and height of your body will also be changing around this time by the time you notice breast buds, your overall growth has already become faster.
Shortly after breast buds, you may notice your first signs of pubic hair. You may just see a few long hairs in the beginning and then after some time, your pubic hair will expand to the whole pubic region. Other changes you may notice around this time are body odour and underarm hair. These changrs doesn’t begin to grow until your first menstruation begins.
4) Body Changes
Your height, body shape, fat distribution and body composition also begin to change quickly during puberty. It’s normal to notice your clothes size go up as your pelvis gets bigger and your hips widen. Your vagina, uterus and ovaries also grow in size as your hormones keep on changing. If you’re tracking your height, you may notice your growth spurt has started to slow.
5) Acne Problem
Acne starts when your monthly cycle is about to start. Women suffer from acne much more than men do, and it’s all because of hormones. Rising hormone levels activate sebum production, which clogs pores and causes pimples as your period is about to start.
Cramps are one of the most common symptoms to have before/during your period. They can be super painful, or just a little annoying. Abdominal cramps are the most frequent menstrual complaint. Unlike many other symptoms, which begin 1 to 2 weeks before your period ends. When bleeding starts, cramps usually show up right before the show time and lasts for 2 to 3 days.
7) Mood Swings Starts
All PMS (pre-menstruation syndrome) symptoms are caused by hormones, so the emotional signs are just as real as the physical ones. It is different for everyone, but you might feel unusually sad, angry, or irritable. These feelings will typically go away in a few days. Even though mood swings are seen as one of the classic PMS traits, doctors don’t know exactly why they happen.
8) Weakness and Tiredness
Heavy menstrual bleeding often causes women to feel tired, which is normal due to the decrease in oestrogen levels which occurs around this point in your cycle. Your energy levels will usually return to normal within a few days as your hormone levels begin to increase again. Shifting hormones will make you tired, but they also disturb your sleep patterns. In fact, PMS and chronic fatigue syndrome share many of the same symptoms.
9) Blotting Out
A lot of the bloating symptoms are caused by water retention that is increased by hormonal changes associated with the menstrual cycle, Increased blood flow to the uterus can cause uterine swelling, which also leads to a bloated abdomen.”
10) A headache
The drop in estrogen just before your period may contribute to headaches. Many women with migraines report headaches before or during menstruation.
With the help of these signs, you can identify easily when your monthly cycle starts or about to start.